The 21st century has just begun, but so far, one of the main threats to global health is the rising numbers of antibiotic resistance observed in a wide variety of microorganisms. Antibiotics, once a monumental breakthrough in medicine, are gradually being put on check. Bacteria are evolving, just as all living creatures do, and are adapting to these new human inventions; they are fighting back. They are becoming able to resist a wide variety of antibiotics we have produced, which are therefore losing their effect on them. So our task today is to develop new ways to fight these infections, be it alternative antibiotics or whole new therapeutic and preventive approaches.
There are many factors for the development of antibiotic resistance. Natural evolution of microorganisms is one of them, but also the overuse and misuse of antibiotics, with many people self medicating or taking pills in wrong doses, are contributing to this problem. For this reason, it is fundamental to undestand this process and take all measures necessary to reduce the worldwide spreading of many antibiotic resistant infections, such as gonorrhoea.
Gonorrhoea is among the most widespread STIs in the world. It is caused by a bacteria that infects genitals, the throat and the urinary system. Figures show that gonorrhoea is rising across the globe and thousands or people are becoming sick every year only in the UK. Misinformation about gonorrhoea as well as the proper way to have protected sex are among the main causes of this epidemic. So far, gonorrhoea can be easily diagnosed in a laboratory and treated with antibiotics, but the alarming rate in which antibiotic resistance is rising, shows us how important it is to become aware of this disease and its testing and treatment.
New strains of antibiotic resistance gonorrhoea, also known as super gonorrhoea, are spreading across the world, making it much more difficult to treat this infection as well as prevent its spreading. A correct treatment with antibiotics should get rid of the infection completely, with no latent colonies of germs left in your body - like it happens with other STIs like herpes. However, the challenge of antibiotic resistance is growing.
Luckily, there could be hope. A new compound has been found that could help fight gonorrhoea for the next few years at least. This new antibiotic compound shows promise has been presented by Summit Therapeutics, and their stated intention is to further research the efficaciy and efficiency of these compounds in the second half of 2018. Hopefully, these substances will show possitive effects on gonorrhoea, pushing a catastrophe of untreatable diseases even farther in the future.
Most people infected with gonorrhoea aren't aware of this infection, because they experience no symptoms. This increases the risk of passing the infection on, as well as developing major damage such as kidney faliure and infertility. Among the most common symptoms to look out for if you suspect you could have gonorrhea, you can find: burning or pain when urinating, stomach pain, sore throat, green or yellow discharge, painful swelling in the foreskin and/or pain or tenderness in your testicles.
As you can see, there is a chance you are currently infected with bacteria you don't feel, bu that could eventually harm your body and even forcefully change your plans for the future. If that is the case, you should get treatment, but how can you get it if you don't even know you are infected? The answer is to get tested, and believe it or not, there are actually convenient and affordable ways to do it.
You don't need to get an appointment and go to a GP to find out whether or not you have gonorrhoea. Gone are the days where you had to awkwardly sit in a waiting room and go through the perils of a medical appointment. There are online clinics and digital practices that offer you a home test kit that you can use to collect samples and get them tested without leaving your home.
If you suspect you are infected, remember that testing for gonorrhoea by post makes it easier to find out the truth. Find an online clinic and buy a kit. They will arrive to you by post with maximum confidenciality. You can collect the samples yourself; often a urine sample or a vaginal swab. Then, you send the samples on the same day and wait for the results, which often come around 48 after you dispatch the package. You can get them on e-mail or your phone. If you test possitive, most clinics will send you the prescription for antibiotics.
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